Indirect contact between India and China is over 5000 years old indicated by the presence of silk threads in Harappan cities, and unique perforated stone harvester tools found in prehistoric Kashmir of the kind found in Yunnan province of China. As per Chinese written history, Chinese traders discovered the Gandhara region (now in Pakistan) around 2nd century BCE and that is when the oldest Chinese word for India entered the Chinese vocabulary.
Nationalists in India and China love the idea that their culture influenced the world, but hate the idea that their culture was influenced by the world. While the Chinese preferred isolating themselves materially, with walls, Indians preferred isolating themselves psychologically using the caste mindset. Nevertheless, the two great civilisations have received many ideas from each other. We know how Buddhism spread from India to China. But we
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